CLINICAL RHEUMATOLOGY, cilt.21, ss.14-18, 2002 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Despite being recognised much more frequently than in the past, renal involvement has not previously been regarded as a feature of Behcet's disease (BD). In this study we aimed to assess the frequency of renal involvement in BD by performing urinalyses of 674 consecutive BD patients; we also retrospectively evaluated the charts of 4212 BD patients for the incidence of glomerulonephritis (GN). Urinary abnormalities (proteinuria and/or haematuria) were present in 10.8%; and during a period of 23 years GN was detected by renal biopsy in seven (0.16%) BD patients. Two patients with GN were lost to follow-up; end-stage renal failure developed in only one patient, and she underwent renal transplantation. We were unable to determine any pathognomonic feature that was predictive of renal involvement. Although males tend to have a more serious clinical course of BD the incidences of urinary abnormalities and GN were similar in both sexes in our series. According to our results, we can conclude that urinary abnormalities are more frequent in BD; however, serious renal lesions develop in only very few of these patients.