Real-world evaluation of "Eczema in psoriatico": Bridging the gap between dermatology and dermatopathology


Topaloglu Demir F., Zemheri E., Uzuncakmak T. K. , Karadag A. S.

DERMATOLOGIC THERAPY, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/dth.14672
  • Dergi Adı: DERMATOLOGIC THERAPY

Özet

The diagnosis of psoriasis is mainly made by clinical examination but on some occasions according to the localization or duration of the lesions when spongiosis is more prominent, it can be challenging and may be considered as overlapping eczema. To evaluate the patients for "eczema in psoriatico" and to present the differences between psoriasis. Biopsy outcomes of thirty-one patients who were histologically diagnosed with psoriasis and psoriasiform dermatitis because of the erythematous and scaly plaque lesions located on hands and feet, between 2013 and 2015, were evaluated retrospectively. Histopathologic findings compatible with psoriasis and accompanied by spongiosis and spongiotic vesicles were evaluated as eczema in psoriatico and compared with psoriasis. In this study thirty-one patients, including 18 patients with eczema in psoriatico and 13 patients with psoriasis of hands and/or feet were included. Of the 31 patients, 15 (48.4%) were women and 16 (51.6%) were men, in 61.3% of cases, biopsies were taken from hands (61.1% of "eczema in psoriatico", 61.5% of psoriasis) and 38.7% from feet (38.9% of "eczema in psoriatico", 38.5% of psoriasis). There was a statistically significant difference between two groups in terms of parakeratosis severity and distribution, the presence of neutrophil and plasma in stratum corneum, the presence of granular layer loss and suprapapillar plate thinning, the shape of retes, the presence of lymphocytic exocytosis, spongiosis and spongiotic vesicles, the intensity of infiltrates in the papillar dermis and the presence of dermal edema (P < .05). Histology supports a continuum between psoriasis and eczema that share histological similarities and at the same time should be considered a separate entity, eczema in psoriatico.