GSM base station electromagnetic radiation and oxidative stress in rats

Yurekli A. I. , Ozkan M., Kalkan T., Saybasili H., Tuncel H. , Atukeren P. , ...More

ELECTROMAGNETIC BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, vol.25, no.3, pp.177-188, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/15368370600875042
  • Page Numbers: pp.177-188
  • Keywords: antioxidants, base transceiver station, electromagnetic field, GTEM, oxidative stress, LIPID-PEROXIDATION, ACUTE EXPOSURE, OXIDANT, FIELDS, LEVEL


The ever increasing use of cellular phones and the increasing number of associated base stations are becoming a widespread source of nonionizing electromagnetic radiation. Some biological effects are likely to occur even at low-level EM fields. In this study, a gigahertz transverse electromagnetic (GTEM) cell was used as an exposure environment for plane wave conditions of far-field free space EM field propagation at the GSM base transceiver station (BTS) frequency of 945MHz, and effects on oxidative stress in rats were investigated. When EM fields at a power density of 3.67W/m(2) (specific absorption rate = 11.3mW/kg), which is well below current exposure limits, were applied, MDA (malondialdehyde) level was found to increase and GSH (reduced glutathione) concentration was found to decrease significantly (p < 0.0001). Additionally, there was a less significant (p = 0.0190) increase in SOD (superoxide dismutase) activity under EM exposure.