MEDICAL SCIENCE RESEARCH, cilt.24, ss.635-637, 1996 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
We have investigated the effects of hypothyroidism on hypoxic and hypercapnic ventilatory drive. Experiments were carried out in control and hypothyroid rabbits. Hypothyroidism was developed by giving methimazole, hn iodide-blocker, in food (75 mg/100 g food) for six weeks. When control group of animals were allowed to breathe a hypoxic gas mixture, there were significant increases in tidal volume (V-T), respiratory frequency (f) and ventilation minute volume (V-E). Injection of KCN (40 mu g kg(-1)) caused marked increases in these parameters. The V-T, V-E and PaO2 of the hypothyroid rabbits breathing air were lower and PaCO2 was higher than that of the control group. During breathing of the hypoxic gas mixture by the hypothyroid rabbits V-T and V-E were significantly decreased. In the hypothyroid animals, i.v. injection of KCN (40 mu g/kg(-1)), produced no significant changes in V-T f or V-E. When the hypothyroid rabbits were allowed to breathe the hypercapnic gas mixtures, V-T, V-E, PaCO2 and PaO2 increased significantly. f was unaffected. The increases in VT and VE in hypothyroid group were less in magnitude as compared with the control group. The air breathing hypoventilation in the hypothyroid animals is due to decreased or abolished sensitivity of preipheral chemoreceptors. The further decline in ventilation in hypothyroid animals in hypoxia indicates central depression in the absence of peripheral chemoreceptor impulses.