Behind the scene: Paracetamol hypersensitivity in children


Cimen S. S. , Yucel E., Ozceker D., Suleyman A., Demirkale Z. H. , Sayili U., ...Daha Fazla

PEDIATRIC ALLERGY AND IMMUNOLOGY, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/pai.13330
  • Dergi Adı: PEDIATRIC ALLERGY AND IMMUNOLOGY

Özet

Background Paracetamol, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, is commonly being used for fever and pain relief worldwide. The aim of this study was to evaluate children with a suspected history of paracetamol hypersensitivity. Methods Sixty patients who were referred to our clinic in between January 2015 and December 2018 with a suspected history of paracetamol hypersensitivity were included. Reactions were classified according to the European Network for Drug Allergy (ENDA)/Global Allergy and Asthma European Network classification and European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI)/ENDA Position Paper. Diagnoses were confirmed by skin tests and oral challenge tests (OCTs). In those with verified paracetamol hypersensitivity, an OCT with a strong COX-1 inhibitor was performed to classify the type of the reaction to refer as either selective or cross-intolerance hypersensitivity. A subsequent OCT with a selective COX-2 inhibitor was performed in those cross-intolerant patients to find out a safe alternative drug. Results Sixty OCTs with paracetamol were performed to patients with a median age of 8.5 years, and hypersensitivity to paracetamol was verified in 8 patients. Four children were classified as selective responders, and 3 were classified as cross-intolerant after OCT with a COX-1 inhibitor. Overall, skin test positivity for paracetamol was detected in only one patient, in whom OCT with paracetamol was negative. In all 3 cross-intolerant patients, a safe alternative non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug was identified after an OCT with a selective COX-2 inhibitor. Conclusion OCT stands as the gold-standard procedure in verifying the diagnosis of patients with paracetamol-induced drug hypersensitivity, as well as, in defining the type of reactions and finding out safe alternative drugs.