UTILIZATION OF TINDER FUNGUS AS FILLER IN PRODUCTION OF HDPE/WOOD COMPOSITE


KAYMAKCI A. , AYRILMIŞ N. , AKKILIÇ H.

WOOD RESEARCH, cilt.61, no.6, ss.885-894, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 61 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Dergi Adı: WOOD RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.885-894

Özet

Selected physical and mechanical properties of high density polyethylene (HDPE) composites filled with various mixtures of wood flour and tinder fungus (Fomes fomentarius) were investigated. For this aim, different mixtures of tinder fungus flour and wood flour (0/40, 10/30, 20/20, and 30/10, and 40/0) (by weight) were compounded with HDPE with a coupling agent (maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene (MAPE) in a twin screw co-rotating extruder. The test specimens were produced by injection moulding machine. The thickness swelling and water absorption of the HDPE/wood composites significantly decreased with increasing content of the tinder fungus flour. The mechanical properties of the composites were negatively affected by increasing amount of tinder fungus flour but there were no significant differences up to 30 wt % tinder fungus content, except for the tensile strength. The optimum physical and mechanical properties for the filled HDPE composites were found to be a 10/30/60/3 formulation of wood flour, tinder fungus, HDPE, and MAPE, respectively.