Dietary glycotoxins and infant formulas Besinsel glikotoksinler ve mamalar

Creative Commons License

Kutlu T.

Turk Pediatri Arsivi, vol.51, no.4, pp.179-185, 2016 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 51 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.5152/turkpediatriars.2016.2543
  • Title of Journal : Turk Pediatri Arsivi
  • Page Numbers: pp.179-185


© 2016 by Turkish Pediatric Association.Advanced glycation end products constitute a complex group of compounds derived from the nonenzymatic glycation of proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids formed endogenously, but also from exogenous supplies such as tobacco smoking (glycotoxins). Accumulating evidence underlies the beneficial effect of the dietary restriction of glycotoxins in animal studies and also in patients with diabetic complications and metabolic diseases. Composition of infant formulas and their processing methods render an extraordinary favorable milieu for the formation of glycotoxins, and the content of glycotoxins in infant formula exceeds that of breast milk by hundred folds. Data from a limited number of short-term small studies in healthy infants do not provide direct evidence of acute negative health effects of glycotoxins in early infancy. However, the effects in sensitive groups on the state of future health in adulthood remain unclear.