We report a 44-year-old woman with intermittent left exotropla of 35 prism diopters at distance who initially exhibited alignment of both eyes after bilateral laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). The exophoria was not preserved due to myopic regression in the dominant eye. An uneventful LASIK treatment was performed to correct -11.00 -0.50 X 130 in the right eye and -13.50 -1.50 X 145 in the left eye. The aim was to achieve emmetropia in both eyes. Although an examination revealed exophoria at near and distance during the 6 months following refractive surgery, the tropic aspect of the divergent deviation appeared in the right eye following the myopic regression. Laser in situ keratomileusis is an effective option to achieve binocular visual quality in myopic anisometropic patients. However, myopic regression after LASIK may disrupt the binocular visual quality. (C) 2003 ASCRS and ESCRS.