High temperature mechanical properties of low alloy steel foams produced by powder metallurgy

Bekoz N. , Oktay E.

MATERIALS & DESIGN, vol.53, pp.482-489, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 53
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.matdes.2013.07.050
  • Title of Journal : MATERIALS & DESIGN
  • Page Numbers: pp.482-489


Cu-Ni-Mo and Mo based steel foams having different porosity levels for high temperature applications were produced by the space holder-water leaching technique in powder metallurgy. Steel powders were mixed with binder (polyvinylalcohol) and spacer (carbamide), and compacted. Spacer in the green compacts was removed by water leaching at room temperature and porous green compacts were sintered at 1200 degrees C for 60 min in hydrogen atmosphere. The successful application of foams at higher temperatures requires a good understanding of their high temperature mechanical properties. Compression tests were carried out on steel foams with different porosities at temperatures varying from room temperature to 600 degrees C in argon atmosphere. Effect of high temperature on compressive properties of the steel foams was investigated. It was found that the compressive strength of steel foams was greater at elevated temperatures than that at room temperature. This occurs across a range of temperatures up to 400 degrees C. Beyond this point the compressive strength decreased as the temperature increased. The reason for the enhancement of the compressive strength of Cu-Ni-Mo and Mo based steel foams is expected to be due to the effect of the dynamic age-hardening. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.