Conflict and agreement in stakeholder attitudes: residents' and hotel managers' views of tourism impacts and forest-related tourism development


Kuvan Y. , Akan P.

JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM, cilt.20, ss.571-584, 2012 (SSCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 20 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/09669582.2011.617824
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE TOURISM
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.571-584

Özet

This paper probes differences in attitudes toward tourism impacts between two leading stakeholder groups in tourism, local residents and the managers of tourism facilities. It uses case study surveys of residents and managers in Belek, Antalya, Turkey. Differences in attitudes across seven main areas are investigated, including the positive and negative economic outcomes of tourism; positive and negative sociocultural impacts; negative environmental impacts; views on further tourism development, and benefits and problems related to forested land close to destinations. The results reveal that some attitudes are held in common - especially positive attitudes including tourism's benefits in creating jobs and income. Differences were mostly observed not in the direction but in the strength of opinion. The most significant differences were found in managers' beliefs that tourism's environmental and social impacts were few, while residents were extremely negative about those impacts. Differences of attitudes on the future use of forestland headed the list of all differences between managers and residents. Divergent loyalties were revealed. Managers supported their business and employers; local people supported their local area. The need for further research, including the role of perhaps distant "moral stakeholders", and for more comprehensive understanding, and more sustainable outcomes, are highlighted.