Evaluation of effects of cervical traction on spinal structures by computerized tomography

Sari H., Akarirmak Ü. , Karacan I., Akman H.

Advances in Physiotherapy, vol.5, no.3, pp.114-121, 2003 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/14038190310016517
  • Title of Journal : Advances in Physiotherapy
  • Page Numbers: pp.114-121


The aim of this study was to evaluate the biomechanical efficacy of cervical spinal traction on spinal structures in cervical disc herniation patients. Thirteen patients diagnosed with acute cervical disc herniation by computerized tomography (CT) and clinical findings were treated by a special traction system consisting of a traction device placed on a traction board fitted on the CT table. Spinal structures were evaluated before and after 20 min of traction. The herniated disc level was C5-C6 in eight of the patients. Changes following traction were: regression of herniated disc area, increase in spinal canal area (11.21 mm2), spinal column elongation between C2 and C7 (1.39 mm) and intervertebral discal space widening at the C5-C6 level. Cervical traction has a significant biomechanical effect on spinal structures, which can be demonstrated by CT evaluation before and after traction.