Aim: To determine the nutritional status of children attending the day nursery by anthropometric measures, and to investigate the nutritional status of children who live in families having a certain educational status, a socio-economic level and social assurance. Material and Method: Children who attending the day nursery between November 2004- January 2005, were evaluated for their nutritional status by measuring their weight, head circumference, thorax circumference, superior midarm circumference, skinfold thickness, and by calculating body mass index and Z scores of weight and height. Children were observed for their nutrition. Also, all families filled a questionnaire. All results were evaluated for age and sex. Student t test was used to compare the results of the groups, and the questionnaires were also evaluated. Results: 180 children between the age 1 and 11 years were studied. 50% of then were girls. There was a significant difference in the mean head and thorax circumference between boys and girls under five years of age, and at the mean of head circumference over five years of age. 16.1 % of children showed a minimal or moderate malnutrition, 36.1% of all were overweight or obese. Only one child (0.6%) was short, and 32 children (17.7%) were tall with height for age estimation. Conclusions: Obesity was more important problem than malnutrition in the day nursery depending on the of educational and socio-economic status of families. It is necessary to explain to families, especially to mothers who work, the importance of cooking daily fresh foods and its positive effects on health.