SOIL DYNAMICS AND EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING, cilt.31, ss.181-187, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Two recent catastrophic earthquakes that struck the Marmara Region on 17 August 1999 (M-w=7.4) and 12 November 1999 (M-w=7.2) caused major concern about future earthquake occurrences in Istanbul and the Marmara Region. As a result of the preparations for an expected earthquake may occur around Istanbul region, an earthquake early warning system has been established in 2002 with a simple and robust algorithm, based on the exceedance of specified thresholds of time domain amplitudes and the cumulative absolute velocity (CAV) levels (Erdik et al., 2003 ). In order to improve the capability of Istanbul earthquake early warning system (IEEWS) for giving early warning of a damaging earthquake in the Marmara Region, we explored an alternative approach with the use of a period parameter (tau c) and a high-pass filtered vertical displacement amplitude parameter (Pd) from the initial 3 s of the P waveforms as proposed by Kanamori (2005)  and Wu and Kanamori (2005) [3,4]. The empirical relationships both between tau(c) and moment magnitude (M-w), and between Pd and peak ground velocity (PGV) for the Marmara Region are presented. These relationships can be used to detect a damaging earthquake within seconds after the arrival of P waves, and can provide on-site warning in the Marmara Region. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.