An alternative approach for the Istanbul earthquake early warning system


Alçık H., ÖZEL O. , Wu Y. M. , Ozel N. M. , Erdik M.

SOIL DYNAMICS AND EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING, cilt.31, ss.181-187, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 31 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.soildyn.2010.03.007
  • Dergi Adı: SOIL DYNAMICS AND EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.181-187

Özet

Two recent catastrophic earthquakes that struck the Marmara Region on 17 August 1999 (M-w=7.4) and 12 November 1999 (M-w=7.2) caused major concern about future earthquake occurrences in Istanbul and the Marmara Region. As a result of the preparations for an expected earthquake may occur around Istanbul region, an earthquake early warning system has been established in 2002 with a simple and robust algorithm, based on the exceedance of specified thresholds of time domain amplitudes and the cumulative absolute velocity (CAV) levels (Erdik et al., 2003 [1]). In order to improve the capability of Istanbul earthquake early warning system (IEEWS) for giving early warning of a damaging earthquake in the Marmara Region, we explored an alternative approach with the use of a period parameter (tau c) and a high-pass filtered vertical displacement amplitude parameter (Pd) from the initial 3 s of the P waveforms as proposed by Kanamori (2005) [2] and Wu and Kanamori (2005) [3,4]. The empirical relationships both between tau(c) and moment magnitude (M-w), and between Pd and peak ground velocity (PGV) for the Marmara Region are presented. These relationships can be used to detect a damaging earthquake within seconds after the arrival of P waves, and can provide on-site warning in the Marmara Region. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.