Effects of various polyolefin copolymers on the interfacial interaction, microstructure and physical properties of cyclic olefin copolymer(COC)/graphite composites


Kasgoz A. , Akin D., Durmus A. , Ercan N. , Oksuzomer F. , Kasgoz A.

JOURNAL OF POLYMER RESEARCH, cilt.20, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 20 Konu: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10965-013-0194-5
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF POLYMER RESEARCH

Özet

In this study, effects of various types of functional polyolefin copolymers (FPOCs), poly(isobutylene-alt-maleic anhydride), poly(maleic anhydride-alt-1-octadecene) and poly(ethylene-graft-maleic anhydride), on the microstructure formation, interfacial interaction and physical properties of cyclic olefin copolymer (COC)/graphite composites were investigated. The COC/graphite composites were prepared in a lab. scale twin screw extruder. Microstructural features of samples were studied in a field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). Viscoelastic properties of samples, obtained from the rheology tests in melt state and the dynamic mechanical analysis in solid state were used to quantify interfacial interactions between the COC and graphite depending on the types of FPOC. The average aspect ratio (A(f)) values of graphite flakes in the COC phase were determined about 40-65 by SEM observation and image analysis study on the samples prepared with different types of FPOC. Based on the gas permeability measurements, tortuous diffusion model suggested that the A(f) values of graphite flakes varied between 40 and 80 depending on the amount of graphite. It was shown that the poly(isobutylene-alt-maleic anhydride) copolymer provided relatively higher interfacial interaction between the COC and graphite flakes than the other FPOCs.

In this study, effects of various types of functional polyolefin copolymers (FPOCs), poly(isobutylene-alt-maleic anhydride), poly(maleic anhydride-alt-1-octadecene) and poly(ethylene-graft-maleic anhydride), on the microstructure formation, interfacial interaction and physical properties of cyclic olefin copolymer (COC)/graphite composites were investigated. The COC/graphite composites were prepared in a lab. scale twin screw extruder. Microstructural features of samples were studied in a field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). Viscoelastic properties of samples, obtained from the rheology tests in melt state and the dynamic mechanical analysis in solid state were used to quantify interfacial interactions between the COC and graphite depending on the types of FPOC. The average aspect ratio (Af) values of graphite flakes in the COC phase were determined about 4065 by SEM observation and image analysis study on the samples prepared with different types of FPOC. Based on the gas permeability measurements, tortuous diffusion model suggested that the Af values of graphite flakes varied between 40 and 80 depending on the amount of graphite. It was shown that the poly(isobutylene-alt-maleic anhydride) copolymer provided relatively higher interfacial interaction between the COC and graphite flakes than the other FPOCs.