Effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on biochemical and histological parameters of muscle groups in proximity to the distracted rat tibia


Kaynar A., Civelek S., Kasymova Z., Keklikoglu N., Toklu S., Uzun H.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY, cilt.43, ss.1514-1521, 2014 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 43 Konu: 12
  • Basım Tarihi: 2014
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.ijom.2014.06.019
  • Dergi Adı: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.1514-1521

Özet

We investigated the effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) on rat muscles during tibial distraction osteogenesis (DO) at normal and hyperdistraction rates. Animals in groups 1 and 2 were distracted by 0.5 mm/day and those in groups 3 and 4 by 1 mm/day. Groups 2 and 4 received HBOT during distraction. Group 5 served as control. Superoxide dismutase (SOD; U/g protein), malondialdehyde (nmol/g protein), glutathione (mmol/g protein), and protein levels (g/dl) were determined. SOD was significantly higher in group 2 (4.59 +/- 0.97) than in controls (2.19 +/- 0.7) (P = 0.0001), and lower in group 4 (3.74 +/- 1.70) than in group 2 (P = 0.011). Malondialdehyde was significantly higher in group 2 (0.72 +/- 0.23) than in controls (0.38 +/- 0.10) (P = 0.005). Total protein levels were better preserved with HBOT in distracted muscles: group 2 (3.24 +/- 0.37) vs. group 1 (1.88 +/- 0.60), and group 4 (3.45 +/- 0.70) vs. group 3 (2.03 +/- 0.75) (both P = 0.0001). Numbers of fibres were lower in group 1(4.88 +/- 0.59) than in group 2 (6.07 +/- 0.86), and in group 3 (5.13 +/- 0.36) than in group 4 (6.14 +/- 0.74) (both P = 0.001). Numbers of nuclei were higher in group 1 (11.29 +/- 2.47) than in group 2 (9.03 +/- 1.53) (P = 0.04), and in group 3 (12.43 +/- 3.32) than in group 4 (9.08 +/- 1.58) (P = 0.001). Fibres and nuclei with HBOT were similar to those of controls. HBOT decreased the inflammatory cell infiltrate for group 1(19.8 +/- 8.54) vs. group 2 (4.2 +/- 2.53) and group 3 (36.54 +/- 11.29) vs. group 4 (21.5 +/- 9.23) (both P = 0.001). HBOT improves the adaptation of distracted muscle by increasing fibres and antioxidants while decreasing inflammation.