Effects of crossbreeding indigenous Hair Goat with Saanen on carcass measurements and meat quality of kids under an intensive production system


Yilmaz A. , Ekiz B. , Özcan M. , Kaptan C., HANOĞLU H., Yildirir M.

ANIMAL SCIENCE JOURNAL, cilt.80, ss.460-467, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 80 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/j.1740-0929.2009.00657.x
  • Dergi Adı: ANIMAL SCIENCE JOURNAL
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.460-467

Özet

The aim of study was to investigate the effect of genotype on carcass measurements and meat quality characteristics of purebred Hair Goat, Saanen x Hair Goat (F(1) and B(1)) kids under an intensive production system. In total, 24 kids were slaughtered at the age of approximately 133 days. Kids were fattened for 56 days immediately after weaning. Hot carcass weights were 6.78, 7.61 and 7.02 kg and dressing percentages were 49.71, 49.27 and 48.78%, respectively (P > 0.05). Differences between genotypes for carcass measurements and indexes were not significant. Effect of genotype on pH measurements, drip loss, water holding capacity, cooking loss and Warner Bratzler shear force values were not significant. Meat lightness values at 0 h, 1 h and 1 day after cutting were higher in crossbred kids than Hair Goat kids (P < 0.05). Redness value was significantly higher in meat samples of Hair goat kids at 0 h, 1 h and 1 day measurements (P < 0.05). Kid genotype had no significant effect on meat sensory characteristics, except tenderness. Panelists gave lower scores for meat tenderness to F(1) and B(1) crosses compared to purebred Hair Goat kids. In conclusion, higher meat lightness values of crossbred kids, at particularly B(1) level, might have a positive effect on the consumer choices.